More than 2.3 million people lost their lives in India in 2019 alone due to pollution. About 1.6 million people have died due to air pollution and more than 500,000 due to polluted water, according to a new Lancet report.
A recent report by the Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health blamed pollution for the deaths of 9 million or one in six people worldwide. The study identified India as the worst affected area. In India, more than one million lives are lost every year due to polluted air alone.
Research and studies have shown that deaths due to pollution related to extreme poverty such as domestic air pollution and water pollution have decreased, but deaths due to industrial, environmental air pollution, and toxic chemical pollution have not decreased.
Globally, 6.7 million people died in 2019 due to air pollution alone, according to a study. Similarly, 1.4 million people died due to water pollution and 900,000 due to lead pollution.
Studies have shown that more than 90 percent of pollution-related deaths occur in low-income and middle-income countries. Among the countries with the highest number of deaths due to pollution, India is in the first place with 2.36 million deaths and China is in the second place with 2.1 million deaths.
According to the study, the damage caused by conventional pollution in 2000 was 3.2 percent of India’s GDP. Since then, the death toll from conventional pollution has dropped. There has also been a significant reduction in economic losses. However, the loss is still one percent of India’s GDP.
Between 2000 and 2019, economic losses due to modern types of pollution such as chemical, lead pollution, etc. increased. This loss is estimated to be one percent of India’s GDP.
In an effort to control air pollution, in 2016, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched an ambitious program called ‘Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana’ to help poor rural women move to cook gas.
‘India has developed equipment and regulatory powers to reduce the sources of pollution. However, there is no centralized system to conduct pollution control efforts and achieve substantial improvements, ”the study said.
According to the study, the level of pollution in 93 percent of the world’s countries is above the standards set by the World Health Organization.
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